Location & Size: Ireland is a small island about 300 miles long and 150 miles wide, located in northwest Europe. Two separate countries share the island -- the Republic of Ireland, which takes up about five-sixths of the Emerald Isle and Northern Ireland, which is part of the United Kingdom.
Language: The people of Ireland speak English and some speak Irish.
Climate: Ireland's weather is temperate and mild. Summertime temperatures average between 50 to 75 degrees. Spring and autumn ranges from the high 30s to the 60s. Winter brings temperatures in the 30s and 40s. Expect rain and showers at any time of year. April, May and September are the driest months.
Population: The population of the whole island is around 5-6 million people. Over a million live in Dublin, which is the Republic's capital.
Currency: The Republic of Ireland uses the euro. In Northern Ireland the currency is the British pound sterling. The two currencies are separate and not interchangeable.
Time in Ireland: It is five hours later than Eastern Standard Time.
Passports, Visas & Licenses: U.S. and Canadian citizens require a valid passport. No visa is required. To drive in Ireland a valid driver's license is necessary. No international driver's license is needed.